A variety of cancers can develop in the bones, including bone cancer. Primary bone cancers begin in the bone and spread from there. Bone tumours can develop from tumours that first appear in the organs or elsewhere in the body. Surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy are all options for treatment.
Bone cancer refers to several different types of bone cancer. When cancerous cells invade bone tissue, they can cause damage to healthy bone. The type of bone cancer that develops is determined by the cells and tissues in which cancer first takes hold.
Primary bone cancers are those that develop within the bone itself. Tumors that start in organs or other body parts can spread to the bones and other parts of the body. Secondary or metastatic bone cancers refer to these growths. Most prostate, breast, and lung cancers are metastasized to the bones.
A person's risk of developing atypical bone growths isn't completely understood, but certain risk factors may help explain why bone cancer develops. These are some examples:
Cells in good health are constantly dividing and replacing their aging counterparts. They expire as a result of completing this procedure. However, abnormal cells persist in the body. They begin to form tumours by accumulating tissue.
Bone cancer can be treated with radiation therapy, which kills cancerous cells.
There is a risk of developing osteosarcoma in those who receive the treatment. High radiation doses may be a factor in its emergence.
70% of osteosarcoma cases showed some atypical chromosome characteristics.
Inherited bone cancer-risk-raising genetic mutations are possible but rare. Also, modifications can arise as a result of radiation or appear to be unrelated to radiation.
Bone cancer is thought to be linked to the following factors:
Only a painless lump may be the only sign of bone cancer. Other people may experience a wide range of symptoms. Other conditions such as arthritis or Lyme disease can cause these symptoms, which can cause a delay in diagnosis. Bone cancer symptoms most commonly include:
X-rays commonly diagnose bone cancer, and your doctor will first examine your bones with them. MRIs and CTs are widely used before any treatment is started to get a clearer picture of the area around the bones.
Your doctor will conduct a biopsy to confirm the diagnosis, in which a small piece of bone tissue is removed and examined under a microscope. It is possible to learn much about cancer's origins thanks to a biopsy. When doctors have this information, they can determine the best treatment for particular cancer.
Depending on the type of cancer, whether it has spread, and where, treatment for bone cancer varies. Medical teams are frequently involved in the care of those who have bone cancer. Radiation oncologists and oncologists are part of this group, as are specialists in bones and joints (orthopedic surgeons).
Bone cancer treatment is usually a multifaceted process. Many variables affect how long these treatments last and what kind of bone cancer they are treating, such as the tumor's size and whether or not it has spread elsewhere. The most common treatments are:
Surgery: When you have surgery, your doctor removes the tumor and a small amount of healthy tissue. They can also use natural or synthetic bone grafts to repair or rebuild damaged bones. Cancer can necessitate the removal of an entire limb. An artificial limb (prosthetic) can be used in this situation. A second operation might be necessary if the first one didn't remove all cancer cells.
Radiation Therapy: Tumours are shrunk with high doses of X-ray radiation in radiation therapy. Before surgery, doctors SK Rajan may use radiation to shrink cancer, allowing for a smaller surgical incision.
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is a treatment that uses medicines to kill cancer cells all over the body. This medication is typically administered intravenously or as a pill to be swallowed. Chemotherapy can treat both primary bone cancers and those that have already spread.
Bone cancer is rare compared to other forms of the disease. Your prognosis may be affected by the type of bone cancer and how early it is discovered. A doctor will perform a biopsy to diagnose bone cancer. To determine the stage of your cancer and formulate a treatment strategy, they will almost certainly run additional imaging tests.