When people hear the word "surgery," they often freeze up out of fear. Even brave people feel uneasy and upset when they hear something like this. It used to be a horrible situation that meant the pain would usually get worse before it got better. All of this is true if you have a condition you have had for a long time. Don't get panic!
The way a keyhole spine surgery works is different. It doesn't hurt as much as an open surgery might have. But you should find out what will happen before you have keyhole surgery.
As the name suggests, this procedure is a very advanced type of spinal surgery that only needs tiny cuts, so there is less damage to healthy tissue, and the patient can get better faster.
A unique surgical tool called a tubular retractor is used to do keyhole surgery spine. Special Microlumbar retractors are used in some situations. Doctors put these tools directly into the spine through minor cuts that lead to a tunnel-like opening in the area that needs to be treated. The muscles are kept open and held in place by tubular retractors. Compared to open surgery, it ensures less blood loss and less damage to the muscles, ligaments, and bones.
Due to their secluded location, the spinal cord and intervertebral nerve are inaccessible without first removing some muscle tissue. These things can be done with the help of small holes, pointing tools, and tiny video cameras put in through this small cut.
The cut looks like a keyhole, so the procedure is called a "keyhole." The cut is usually about an inch long.
Keyhole surgery for the spine is done by making a small cut in the back. Through this small cut, segmental tubular retractors and dilators were sent to pull the muscle away from the area where the surgery was going to be done and make the affected part of the spine easier to reach. It keeps muscles and soft tissues from hurting and reduces blood loss during surgery.
A thin, telescopic instrument with a video camera at the end is called an endoscope. It is put through a small hole to show a picture of the operating area on the monitors in the operating room. Some surgeons do the same work with a surgical microscope instead of an endoscope. In these procedures, small surgical tools are sent through a working channel to where they can do the surgery. When the process is done, the tissue is replaced after the different instruments are taken away. The cut is then stitched and closed with surgical gauze cleaned
But, compared to traditional open surgery, the keyhole surgery lumbar spine has a few potential risks. In particular, they are caused by two things. The first is that the surgeon uses a tool he does not hold in his hands, so he cannot feel the body tissue. Second, the organ is shown on a camcorder, which doesn't have the same depth of field as a direct display. This can be fixed by using a microscope instead of an endoscope. Surgeons who do KeyHole operations often have had special training to spot these differences. So, the chance of getting hurt by accident goes down with the right surgeon.
The disease's type, size, and location often determine whether Key Hole or traditional surgery is better.
With keyhole surgery, many spinal procedures can be done on an outpatient basis or with just a one-day stay. Keyhole surgery is called "minimally invasive surgery." The cut is minimal compared to other types of surgery. The cut is usually less than or equal to an inch, but you can get 3–4 cuts. How many cuts are needed depends on how many surgery levels the patient needs. After surgery, you will also have less pain, bleed less, and be less likely to get an infection. Lowering this risk means leaving the hospital sooner and having fewer scars you can't see.
Most people can have Keyhole surgery safely. Most of the time, this procedure is easier for patients than open ones. Patients who have had multiple surgeries in the past may not be good candidates for minimally invasive surgery because scars can build up after surgery and make it hard to do safe Key Hole procedures. Your doctor can decide whether to use traditional surgery or laparoscopy to do specific procedures.