Contact Info

Back Pain Surgery

What Causes Lower Back Pain in Females

Many things could cause lower back pain in women. Some of them are caused by something only women can get, while others can happen to anyone.

This article will look at the possible causes of lower back pain in women and when it's essential to see your doctor for a diagnosis and lower back pain treatment.

Causes of lower back pain that are unique to women


Dysmenorrhea is a condition in which a woman has painful periods. Most of the time, the pain isn't too bad, but it can be awful for some women. Dysmenorrhea is more likely to happen if a woman:

  • is younger than 20 years old
  • has heavy periods
  • Have a history of dysmenorrhea in your family.
  • Have a medical condition like endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, a uterine fibroid, or something similar.

Most of the time, the pain is in the lower back, lower abdomen, hips, and legs. The pain could be terrible for a few days, then become dull, intense, or sharp and shooting.

Premenstrual syndrome, or PMS, is a condition most women have before their periods. But every woman has symptoms, and not all are the same. Most of the time, premenstrual syndrome starts a few days before your period and goes away a day or two after it starts.

Premenstrual Dysmorphic Disorder (PMDD)

PMDD, or premenstrual dysmorphic disorder, is a more severe form of PMS. The symptoms are much worse and can get in the way of daily life. Because the symptoms are so bad, some people with PMDD may have trouble getting things done during this time. But very few women have PMDD more than they do PMS.

The emotional, behavioural, and physical symptoms of PMDD are very similar to those of PMS, except for how bad they are. Most of the time, the symptoms start a few days before the period and go away a few days after.

Premenstrual dysmorphic disorder is more likely to happen to women with a family history of depression, other mood disorders, or PMDD.


Endometriosis is a severe uterine disease in which the endometrium, the tissue that lines the uterus, leaks out, spreads, or grows outside of the uterus in the pelvic cavity. These tissues connect to other pelvic organs close by and change in the same way they do inside the uterus.


Back pain is often a problem for pregnant women. It happens because the centre of gravity moves when a person gains more weight.

Most pregnant women start to feel back pain between the fifth and seventh months, but it can happen much earlier. Also, women with lower back problems are more likely to have back pain during pregnancy. This pain could spread to your thighs and legs. You should contact with the best back pain surgeon to get rid from the problem.

Pelvic Inflammatory diseases (PID)

Many women have back pain and discomfort that lasts for a long time. It could be caused by any condition that makes the pelvis swell up. Low back pain, cramps and pain in the abdomen, low-grade fever, and vaginal discharge are the most common complaints. Most inflammatory diseases of the pelvis are caused by a bacterial infection that could worsen if it isn't treated.

Piriformis Disease

The piriformis is a thick muscle tucked deep inside the other buttock muscles. When a woman's piriformis muscle spasms suddenly or sometimes, this is called piriformis syndrome. This syndrome could be caused by changes in the woman's hormones or the fact that she is pregnant.

Those with piriformis syndrome have trouble sitting still for long periods, pain that spreads from the back of the thigh to the legs, and constant pain in the back, bottom, and hips that gets worse when the hip joint moves.

SI Joint Dysfunction

The lower part of the spine, the sacrum, is connected to the pelvis by the sacroiliac joint. When pain comes from this area, it is called sacroiliitis or sacroiliac joint dysfunction. It is a significant cause of back pain in the lower back.

Since women's sacroiliac joints are smaller than men's, they have to handle more stress. Because of this, women have dull pain in their buttocks and severe lower back pain that goes down the thigh to the knee.


Coccydynia is the name for pain in the bottom. It is mainly caused by injury or trauma to the tailbone. Because their pelvises are smaller and they have given birth, it happens to women much more often. Symptoms include pain when sitting, sitting on hard surfaces, standing up from sitting and leaning back while sitting.

Back Injuries

Most back pain in women is caused by strains and sprains, which happen when muscles are overused, like when they lift something heavy or move quickly. This can cause pain in the middle or lower back. Also, these injuries often happen to pregnant women who use their muscles too much.

The best way to treat lower back pain depends on what is causing it. In many cases, you can first try things you have at home. But if your back pain doesn't get better or gets worse, you should see back pain doctor again to find out what's wrong and how to treat it